What’s Heritage? Set of assets acquired by inheritance.
·Cultural heritage, The set of intangibles features that belong to and define a collective cultural identity. «The monument with its presence and singularity has condensed the values of the Cultural Identity».
·Cultural assets, Monuments, works of art, historical documents + habits, customs, economy… Some examples of cultural assets: Monumental architecture, military and defensive architecture, witnesses of industrial production…
Why preserving heritage? Preservation is the method of not losing the values of cultural identity. All goods contained in catalogs must be preserved.
What do we have to preserve? We also must preserve the values of the physical architectural heritage. (Let the building display and explain its values).
How to preserve it? There are two options:
·Legislative instruments -> 1.To protect, 2.Inventory, 3.To list.
·Interventions -> CONSERVATION
*Preservation = Operations to be performed on the good to ensure survival against hazards or possible damages.
*Maintenance = An operation designed to prolong and maintain as long as possible the materials from which the object is made.
*Consolidation = It is a particular way of preserving, and it is possible thanks to a gradual strengthening.
*Repairing = Leave in good condition an object that was broken or deteriorated.
*Restoration = A direct intervention on the monument whose purpose is the restitution or improvement of the legibility that is lost with the passage of time.
*Adaptation = Enable or return something to its old state of efficiency or functionality.
*Reconstruction = A procedure of integral or partial reconstruction of the building, with an exceptional character that has been carried out in specific historical circumstances and as a consequence of traumatic events.
*Anastilosis = A technique whereby a reined building is rebuilt using original architectural elements.
*Ripristinar = An action that suggests to «go back» to the original state of the building by removing or adding later stages.