U5- The experience of architecture: basic concepts

 PLACE, Genius Loci is the set of elements that characterize and identify a place.                         

·Contrast -> Relation of abstraction. 

·Camouflage -> Relation of extreme integration and mimesis. 

·Organicism -> relation of sensitivity towards the place. 

·Contextualism -> Relation with the place is justifiable.

SPACE, Architecture is the studied construction of spaces.   

·Classic space -> the space is closed and compact due to the historical massive wall type architecture.

·Uniform space -> these are abstract, rational perceived spaces and they only exist if used.

·Contemporary space -> there’s a total and absolute confusion of the public space with the space of relation. The concept of the free section is born.

FUNCTION, You have to ask yourself WHAT you have to build to satisfy a function.                 

·Mechanical Functionalism -> is focused on the perfect mechanical efficiency and not on a deliberate search for beauty.

·Organic functionalism -> Adapts itself to the living functions which must be carried out in the environment.

·Moralistic functionalism -> Utility exists for an end. Beauty and utility are so close that they become confused.

FORM,  The external configuration of things, figure.           

·Rhythm -> Sequence of shapes in space.

·Axis -> Linear element that marks a direction and distributes the spaces or elements around it.

·Symmetry -> Regular arrangement of parts of a figure in relation to a plan.

·Hierarchy -> Relationship of an element over others based on an established approach.

·Module -> A unitary element used as a proportional unit and repeated on different scales.

·Grid -> Composition based on a grid of axes serving as a guide.

·Movement -> The irregularity of the forms and the variants of the order.

·Unit -> Nothing should be removed or added in these compositions.

·Centrality -> Organization of space around a center.

·Balancing -> Complementary relationship between the elements of a composition.

·Limit -> An edge of the composition where there is a change from the rest.

.Light -> correct and magnificent of forms assembled in the light.

·Contrast -> Opposition difference between elements to produce a dynamic effect on the composition.

·Color -> Chromatic manifestation of the elements to be used. 

.Texture -> Surface finishing of the elements involved in the final perception of architecture.

·Proportion -> Harmonic relation according to certain geometric rules.

·Scale -> Relation between the size of the building and the size of the human.